Squirrels and Hedge Apples

Squirrels Eat Hedge Apples of the Osage Orange Tree. (Maclura pomifera)


I saw a squirrel chewing on a hedge apple. It seemed to work around the apple as it ripped large pieces of stringy fruit off the apple. I thought it was after a large seed in the middle like a peach. After investigation I discovered the squirrel was in pursuit of the pithy core of the apple which contains at least 200 seeds. There is a slimy husk around each individual seed that has to be removed before the seeds are edible. The seed is smaller than a sunflower seed. Cleaning the fruit is a messy job, as there is also a sticky white juice that seeps from the apple. The deer eat the outside of the apple left by the squirrel.

Maryann Barry


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The Spirit of Old Barn

023Spirit of the Ole Barn

I top hill along a dirt path, spy ole barn.Weathered paint-striped boards for it’s skin, rust tin for hair. As I snapped some pictures it’s spirit told tales of past.

Blazing 90 degree Kansas day, farmer’s dressed in blue bib overalls and white cotton shirts, loaded well over 100 bales of hay in the loft. Hissing bull snake trapped in bale of hay, young boys’ startled yells, old men laugh.

Crew stopped to rest and get a drink of cool refreshing water from spring behind  barn..

Some sat backs propped against sycamore tree – wiped inside bands of hats and foreheads with water soaked red and white bandannas.

Others pulled wads of Beech-nut chewing tobacco from red and white stripped pouch, spots of tobacco juice spattered on ground.

Frigid winter night, pigeons huddled on barn rafters – watch full moon peak through cracks of barn.

Two red roan draft horses Jack and Jake – munch oats from wood manger box.

They’d out lived their use – replaced by the iron beast tractor that sat in barn’s breezeway.

On the high ridge of barn roof. hoot owl rests from night’s hunt, calls to it’s mate perched on a snarled limb of walnut tree by barn. Raccoon skitters down walnut tree trunk and slips through barn door.


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Irish Slaves Untold Story in American History


By Maryann Barry

I write the following article not to pull away from the atrocities suffered by the Native Americans, African Americans or Mexican Americans, but to shed light on the white slaves of America that I never knew existed.

The wealthy English tried for centuries to eliminate the Irish Race or perform ethnic cleansing but never succeeded. On top of the wrong doings, this history was eliminated in American history books at the time I attended school. In my opinion I think Oliver Cromwell was another Hitler but more of that for another post.

There were Irish slaves in America as far back at the 1640.  England used it as a way to rid the country of a lower class disturbing their lives. Irish were rounded up sent to America on slave market profitable to England. Many would like to say they were indentured servants but history states the facts.

In 1662-1665 judges of Edinburg Scotland ordered the enslavement and shipment of a large number of rogues and others that interrupted the lives of the upper class; in other words, to clear the streets of Edinburg of the poor starving hungry souls living in the streets. They didn’t want to deal with them so shipped them out. Irish were sold into slavery during Colonial America. Another reason there was money to be made in the slave trade. Laws were made (Enactment of 1652) if anyone found begging or vagrant could be arrested as political prisoners and moved to any port that shipped them to foreign colonies or plantations to be sold.

This same practice was a part of England’s history. King James II, and Charles I, and Oliver Cromwell were all a part of an effort to rid England of the Irish and also found a profitable slave trade. The English kidnapped people from Ireland and shipped them off to the colonies of the New World. Ireland soon fell prey to the English slave markets. The Irish human beings became a lucrative source of human livestock for English merchants. The bulk of early slaves to the New World were actually white.

In King James II Proclamation of 1625, required Irish political prisoners sold to English settlers in the West Indies of which 30,000 were shipped out. This was the beginning and soon spread to the New World.  An arrest could be made of minor violations or what the English took as a violation and a person became a political prisoner.

In 1642 to 1652, over 500,000 Irish were killed by the upper class English, and another 300,000 were sold as slaves. During that single decade Ireland’s population dropped for 1,500,000 to 600,000. Because the men were separated from their families, this left women and children homeless and prey to be auctioned off as well. In 1650’s over 100,000 Irish Children ages 10 to 14 were sold as slaves in the West Indies, Virginia and New England. In addition, 52,000 Irish (mostly women and children) were sold to Barbados and Virginia. In 1656, Cromwell ordered 20,000 Irish children sent to Jamaica and sold as slaves to English Settlers. (If lower class Englishmen happened to be in the wrong place or insulted the wrong person they suffered the same fate.)

The African slaves were expensive in late 1600’s and Irish Slaves came cheap. There was a difference of 50 sterling for blacks to 5 sterling for Irish. Therefore, if a planter whipped an Irish slave to death it was cheaper than an African slave. In one case a traveler on ship saw black slaves throwing cotton bales down to white slaves. When asked why was told if a white slave broke his back or got killed wasn’t  as much money loss as a black slave.

In the New World another way they gained profit was to breed an Irish female with an African slave “mulatto”– it cut down on expense of buying more slaves. The mulatto slaves sold for a better price than the Irish ones; considered tainted with the stain of hated Catholic theology. In 1681 legislation  was passed to stop the interbreeding; not for humane reasons, but it interfered with the profits of a large slave transport company.

England continued the shipment of tens of thousands Irish slaves for more than a century. After the 1798 Rebellion in Ireland thousands were sold to America and Australia. They suffered great atrocities of shackled in over crowed diseased ships, (many didn’t survive the voyage) beat or worked to death, raped or burned alive (tied to the ground feet set on fire and slowly died a dead from hell).  In one case an English ship threw 1,302 overboard to have enough food for the crew to survive. Women were subject to slave breeding. The Slave Trade act 1807 passed by British Parliament stopped the slave trade from England. (Note the U. S. Congress north and south including President Thomas Jefferson supported the act.); thus creating a limited supply of slaves. Women held captive in slave breeding houses, were chained to the floor and subjected to rape by other slaves (ordered by the slave owners) or the masters themselves.

One theory the white slave trade laid the groundwork for the organized process of African American Slave Trade.

Many would like it if this history vanished from the face of the earth but thanks to the many that preserve records and via the internet there is an enlightenment for all to experience. Hopefully in our day and age people will attempt to create peace for all races as in God’s eyes all are equal.  Bottom line human’s instinctual defects of greed, wealth, and power are the contributions that feed to this oppression of a human race.



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Double Murder Paola, Ks 1912

Double Murder in Paola, Kansas June 1912
Rollin and Anna Hudson moved to Paola May 1912. Mr Hudson worked for the M.K. & T. Railroad under foreman Charles Musick. On June 6, when Mr Hudson failed to report for work, Charles Musick went by his home around 4:00 pm. When he got to the residence, he found Mrs. Sherman Stump and Mrs. William Pryor in the yard. The ladies were checking in on the welfare of their neighbors as they hadn’t seen action around the house all day. They knocked on the door and there was no response. At the same time the sheriff passed by the house. They ladies told the story to the sheriff. The sheriff and foreman entered the house and found the couple laying on the bed in the first room of the house. Blood stained sheets covered their heads. When the sheets were pulled back the two men saw the couple’s battered heads. The murder weapon appeared to be a partially sharp instrument of one and a half inches. Either a coal pick or a brick mason’s hammer. The murderer covered the heads to prevent the blood from splashing on his clothes. The blood on the bed was confided to the pillow area, saturated the mattress and dripped on the floor. It seemed that Mr. Hudson died instantly. Mrs. Hudson had several holes in her face suggesting a struggle.
The evening before the murder neighbors of the Hudson’s saw a man on the Hudson’s porch. He talked with them and then all went into the house. He fit the description of a stranger in town earlier that week inquiring of the where about s of Mr. and Mr. Hudson. The same man applied for a job at a local farmer but never showed up for work. That’s the last time the Hudson were seen alive.
Dr. Ferrell the county coroner who lived in Louisburg attended the murder scene and ordered the bodies taken to Johnson’s undertaking room.
The small five-room cottage the Hudson’s lived in was located two block east of the Frisco depot. Their home was meagerly furnished but clean and orderly. The Hudson’s lived a modest lifestyle on his below moderate income. It’s assumed they had nothing of value to steel.
Some of the town residents had heard the Hudson’s argue at times. She didn’t like him leaving her in Ohio and he felt she’d done him wrong. However, they seemed to mend their differences. At one time Mr. Hudson shared with a Mr. Coe he’d received a letter and thought being dead would be better than living with the trouble he had now. He expressed his wish to send his wife back to Ohio but feared for her life. Ones investigating the murders searched for the letter to no avail.
In Canton, Ohio Mr. Hudson worked as a cone grinder in an automobile factory. The steel dust bothered his lungs, which caused him to come west for health reasons and find employment. While in Ohio he’d married his wife Anna. During their marriage, there’d been a problem with another man, which caused the couple to be apart at times.
Reference: Miami Co Ks Museum paraphrased. Whole story in their records. Pictures of Couple below==

ax_murder_paola_2.jpg (239×500)

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History Mi Co Ks Vohs Murder Nov 1906

Eugene Vohs Resident of Miami Co Ks – Murdered November 1906

Eugene Vohs , of Wea township,  lived north of Wea Church in Miami Co Ks. He was murdered in route home from Louisburg, Kansas. Eugene and his son Lawrence left for town that Saturday morning to sell two loads of hogs. Lawrence returned home to do the chores and Eugene stayed in town to do some shopping. He’d been seen leaving Louisburg alone at 6:00 pm. At about 8:00 pm Lawrence heard his father’s team of mules enter the drive and went out to help him care for the animals. He called to his dad but there was no answer. When Lawrence got up on the wagon he found his dead father laying in the back of the wagon.

The son surmised his father’s warm body proved he’d been murdered close to home. Later the mother recollected of hearing two or more pistol reports a half hour earlier. Two of the .38 shells entered Eugene’s head close to the temple. Another went through the top of his head and the 4th one entered his chest. Powder burns discovered on the side of his head indicated he’d been shot at close range.

A neighbor lady that lived one mile south of Mr. Vohs’s place saw a man in the wagon with him as they passed her place. It’s thought the man knew Eugene had sold pigs at market that day and planned to rob him. However, discovering they were so close to the Vohs place he ran away without the money as it was found on the dead victim’s body.

Later Andy Weir arrested Carl Baker aka Carl Warnecke in his twenties for the crime. In his procession was a .38 caliber pistol. He’d been seen walking along the road in the area where Eugene was shot that evening.

Eugene Vohs born in Germany in 1844 came to America in 1866 and settled in the Miami Co Area. In 1876 he bought the Wea General Store from Homer Mayer and also served as Wea postmaster of the Wea post office.

Reference:  Miami Co Ks History Museum paraphrased.

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